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A Scriptural Challenge to all Christians

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The Shabbath Day of Yahuwah

Yahuwah declares the shabbath as a day of rest

Many people around the world spell this day's name as "shabbat" and pronounce it as it is spelled, but looking at the word in the Ibriy (Hebrew) we can see that in fact the last letter is NOT f (teyth) but t (thau) and should be spelled with the ending "th" and pronounced as "shab-bawth" (see below).

- - Ibriy (Hebrew) - tbs shabbath, shab-bawth'; intens. from H7673; intermission.

The shabbath being observed before the Law of Mosheh (Moses) was given

Note here in NechemYahuw 9:14 that it is said that Yahuwah MADE KNOWN His sanctified shabbath and THEN commanded precepts, etc.

The Ten Words (Commandments) - The Shabbath Observation Defined

We as children of Yahuwah are bound by these laws of Yahuwah, except as modified by Yahuwah (See YirmeYahuw 31:29-30) as they are what make up the Royal Law. The first five are covered in "You shall love Yahuwah your Eloah with all your heart, soul, mind, and strength". The last five are covered by "Love your neighbor as yourself."

Yahuwah makes His Shabbath a permanent observance

We, if we are in the body of the Anointed, are the children of Yahuwah and are thereby the children of Yisra'el. (See Ephesios (Ephesians) 2:11-22)

More examples of how Yahuwah felt about His shabbath and its observation. (One verse each from several books. There are many other verses and passages in each of these books that shows the requirement for observance of the seventh day as a day of rest).

Law of Mosheh

Shabbath separated from the Law of Mosheh

General observance of the shabbath

The way the law is supposed to be observed, by the Lawgiver Himself
All of the examples above delineate the way Yahuwah wants us to observe His shabbath. Below, Yahushua shows us that the shabbath is a day of rest for us, and not some highly restrictive day that we have to fear. Although we should be worshipping Yahuwah every day, this day is set aside (sanctified) to relax and engage in praise and worship of Him without having to think about the cares of the world. As the Yisra'eliy observed the Law of Mosheh (which was given AFTER the commandments of Yahuwah. (See Shemot 20:1-17,22, 24:4) over the centuries, the rabbinic leaders of Yisra'el added more and more restrictions and restraints to the law and called it the Law (of Mosheh), but it really wasn't. It had started off as the Book of the Law, but finished as the traditions of man being called the commandments of Yahuwah. This is seen by taking note of how Yahushua (The Lawgiver Himself) observed the law.

The shabbath as observed by the children of Yahuwah of the first century

Which day is the shabbath?

There are in fact TWO seven-day weeks in use in modern times (see the articles Saturday? and Pagan Names of the Weekdays). There is the secular seven-day week used by "Sun-day" keepers and the rest of the world, and there is the scriptural seven-day week used by shabbath keepers. The secular seven-day week has days named after pagan deities and each of its days starts and ends at midnight. The scriptural seven-day week has days that are numbered sequentially and each of its days starts and ends at sundown. Two completely different systems.

So Yahuwah rested on the seventh day of creation, and remember that His days start at sundown. Look at the Gregorian calendar (the one hanging on the wall), and you will see that the first day of the secular week is "Sunday" and the seventh day of the week is "Saturday." Both of these names are from pagan worship rites and gods and they start at midnight. "Sun-day" is the venerable day of the sun (dies solis - day of the sun), which to many pagans, including Constantine, was a god. "Saturday" is Saturn's Day, also a pagan deity. Pope Gregory didn't care though, as he wanted as many dues paying people as he could get into the Catholic Church. It did not matter if they were truly born again children of Yahuwah or pure pagan. The could and did change doctrine to accommodate the pagans. Part of the day the heathen call "Saturday" is still observed by Orthodox Yahudiym and true followers of the Anointed as the shabbath, but it actually starts at sundown the day before. It is truly the day sanctified by Yahuwah. It is Yahuwah's Shabbath Day, that we too, as children of Yahuwah, must observe.

When does it start?

And the second day, and the third, etc. All of the days of the week start and end at sundown according to the word of Yahuwah. Who are you going to believe? The pope of the Roman Catholic Church or the Creator of all there is? From sundown the sixth day to sundown the seventh day is the shabbath (intermission or timeout).

The First Day of the Week
There are many Protestant preachers, all of the Catholic clergy, and other assorted "religious" dignitaries, that will tell you "Sunday" is the correct day of the week to observe as the shabbath of Yahuwah because Yahushua was risen on that day. They may even call that day the "Christian Sabbath." Unhappily, they have not observed the admonition in 2 Timotheos 2:16. Also, nowhere in scripture is it to be found where Yahuwah changed His day from the seventh to the first and most all will admit that. What Yahuwah has sanctified and sanctified, man cannot unsanctify. There is, however, plenty of evidence in history where man changed the time that Yahuwah set for His shabbath in contradiction to the Word of Yahuwah (See Daniy'el (Daniel) 7:25).

All of these passages say that Yahushua was already risen when his disciples got to the tomb on the first day. They do NOT say there how long He had been risen when they got there, or that He arose ON the first day.

Here's what Yahushua had to say about how long He would be in the earth.

Here's what the scripture says about when He died.

The shabbath after the day He died was a high shabbath, the first day of the Festival of the Unleavened Bread, and was not the regular seventh day shabbath which occurred two days later. It was a special shabbath or "high shabbath" on the fifth day of the week.

If Yahushua was buried as is believed late "Friday" (day of Frigga - a pagan goddess) evening, the women would have had to wait until the first day of the week to buy and prepare the spices because of the shabbath which started at sundown that day. They bought and prepared these spices and ointments on sixth day, the day after the high shabbath, rested on the regular shabbath (the seventh day), and showed up at the tomb early on the first day of the week, a little over seventy-two hours after Yahushua was buried.

They came to the tomb to dress Yahushua's body with the ointments and spices that they had prepared the previous sixth day.

Yahushua died just before sundown on the fourth day and was buried. Three days later (seventy-two hours), at sundown of the shabbath day, as He said He would, He rose.

You see, if Yahushua was crucified as tradition teaches on "Good Friday, and He arose early "Easter Sunday", He was only in the "belly of the earth" for one and one half days. This would make Him a liar, because of His statement in MattithYahuw 12:39-40, and we know that it isn't possible for Him to lie. Read and believe the scripture. It is correct.

The day after the shabbath.

All of the same people who would tell you "Sunday" is the correct day because that is when Yahushua was risen, will quickly point to these verses in support of their position. This shows a distinct lack of understanding of the Law of Mosheh, and of the Law of Liberty.

In Acts 20:7 above, if the saints gathered on "Sunday" morning to hear Sha'uwl preach (Sunday School at 10:00 AM, preaching at 11:00 AM), he was pretty hoarse by midnight. What happened here was that the saints came together for a meal (not communion - see 1 Korinthios 11:20-22) after the shabbath (seventh day) for fellowship, and they stuck around to listen to Sha'uwl. The shabbath was over at sundown and Sha'uwl preached from somewhere around then until midnight, which was still a mighty long time preaching, planning on leaving the area later in the morning of the first day of the week. There are no other passages that make any statements about "fellowship" on the first day and this one does not imply any kind of "religious" reason for the gathering.

Remember what Yahuwah had to say about those people who profaned His shabbaths? In 1 Korinthios 16:2 above, Sha'uwl has very carefully told these people to NOT profane the shabbath of Yahuwah by doing the work of gathering then, but to do the work of gathering on the day AFTER the shabbath, the first day of the week. This gathering was of what goods these people had earned or grown for the express purpose of relieving the poor saints of Yeruwshalom, as seen in many other letters of Sha'uwl such as Rhomaios 15:26-28. These were goods that could be used directly by the people they were intended for and not necessarily cash money.

If this passage was evidence of how an assembly is to conduct its monetary collections on the pagan worship day of Sunday, then everything that is collected should be sent to Yeruwshalom for the poor saints there and not used for other purposes. No building funds. No preacher's salary. No mortgage or utility payments, etc. By the way, they should wait also for Sha'uwl or one of his cohorts to come tend to it too.

The very meanings of the Greek words used in this passage deny any kind of religious meeting being associated with this "setting aside." To "lay by him in store" here literally means to accumulate at HIS OWN DWELLING and not at some building used for religious purposes.

All of the evidence in scripture of when the saints met for praise, worship, preaching, reproof, rebuke, etc. points squarely at the seventh day. Yahuwah never changed His day. Man did.

Some say that when Yahuchanan (John) was in the Spirit on the Sovereign's Day (Revelation 1:10), that this was Sunday. There is no scriptural evidence to suggest that other than people's imaginations. Yahuwah called the shabbath His day, and that makes the seventh day the Sovereign's day too. The "Lord's Day" could have been a "Sunday" since "the Lord" is a name and title for Ba'al, but I am sure that Yahuchanan was not referring to the day of that pagan deity.

Something to think about

If you are a Shabbath Keeper, do you look forward to sundown Saturday so you can get back to your regular business? If so, look at this.

If you are NOT a shabbath keeper, why not? Don't you believe the scripture? Don't you love our Creator and Savior and want to be in obedience?

If you do, keep His commandments. (Yahuchanan 14:15)

Related articles which you may find to be of interest.

The Lost Shabbath?
Lunar Shabbath Refuted by Scripture
Rome's Challenge
The Shabbath. Saturday?
When Does the Shabbath Start?
True Shabbath in the Languages of the World
The Shabbath Over the Centuries
Shabbath References in Scripture
Week Chart of the Shabbath

C.F. Castleberry