WORD LIST DEFINITIONS

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The below defined words are very often mistranslated and/or misapplied in various versions of the word of Yahuwah, the Father of our Savior Yahushua. The definitons given below are most often from the Exhaustive Concordance of James Strong and show the KJV rendering. Where I have corrected the rendering is obvious and on occasion I have inserted some comments concerning the word.

Hebrew = Ibriy          Chaldean = Kasdiy


1. ANGEL

    a. Ibriy - mal'ak {mal-awk'} to despatch as a deputy; messenger. Also translated in the KJV as ambassador, king, and messenger.

    b. Kasdiy - mal'ak {mal-ak'} see #1 above

    c. Greek - aggelos {ang'-el-os} a messenger. Also translated as messenger.


2. APOCALYPSE

    Does not appear in this form in the KJV of the Scripture. See "revelation" (Word #34).


3. APOSTLE

    a. Greek - apostolos {ap-os'-tol-os} a delegate. Also translated as messenger, and "he that is sent."

    b. In 2 Korinthios (Corinthians) 15:13, the phrase "false apostle" is translated from the Greek word pseudapostolos which means false teacher or apostle.


4. BISHOP

    a. Greek - episkope {ep-is-kop-ay'} inspection (for relief); by implication, superintendence. Translated as "office of a bishop," bishoprick, and visitation.

    b. Greek - episkopos {ep-is'-kop-os} a superintendent. Also translated as overseer.


5. CARDINAL

    Not a word of the scripture. From the Latin word cardinalis, which means literally, "that on which something depends or turns." Apparently the word has roots other than Greek, as there are similar words in Italian and French.

    In the Roman Catholic Church the cardinal performs some of the functions assigned to the office of deacon in the Assembly that the Anointed built, except that the cardinal adds pomp and ceremony, with many rituals, duties, and clothes that are not described or outlined as belonging in that Assembly by the Word of Yahuwah.


6. CARNAL

    a. Greek - sarkikos {sar-kee-kos'} pertaining to the flesh. Also translated as fleshly.

    b. Greek - sarx {sarx} flesh. Also translated as carnal (-ly, -ly minded), and as flesh (-ly).


7. CATHOLIC

    Not a word of the scripture. Anglicized version of the Latin word catholicus which in turn probably is derived from the Greek word katholikus. Both words mean universal, or general. If this word appears in the scriptural Greek, I can't find it. The English word "general" appears in Ibriym (Hebrews) 12:23 in conjunction with the word "assembly," and is translated from paneguris {pan-ay'-goo-ris} which means "general assembly."


8. CHRIST

    a. Greek - Christos {khris-tos'} haMashiach, or The Anointed (of Yahuwah).


9. CHRISTMAS

    Not a word of the scripture. Does not appear in any version of the Sacred Scripture. Historical texts show that it is a combination of the title "Christ" and the Catholic Church's practice of "mass" as a religious service started during the reign of the emperor Constantine. Ergo, Christ-mass. Also shown by historical records to be an adopted holiday that was, and in some societies still is, the Saturnalia, or worship of the pagan god Saturn, with the giving of gifts, decorating of trees, etc. No reference anywhere in the Sacred Scripture that followers of the Anointed are supposed to remember or celebrate His birth, only His death till He comes. Compare Mithras in mythology.


10. CROSS

    a. Greek - stauros {stow-ros} a stake or post, as set upright.


11. CRUCIFY

    a. Greek - stauroo {stow-ro'-o} to impale on the stauros.

    In the KJV and some other English versions, Ibriym (Hebrews) 6:6, the phrase "they crucify to themselves" is translated from the Greek word anastauroo {an-as-tow-ro'-o}, which means, "to impale again."


12. DEVIL

    a. Greek - daimonizomai {dahee-id'-zom'ahee} to be exercised by a demon. Translated in the KJV into the phrases "have a (be vexed with, be possessed with) devil (-s)."

    b. Greek - daimonion {dahee-mon'-ee-on} a demonic being. Also translated in the KJV as "a god."

    c. Greek - diabolos {dee-ab'-ol-os} a traducer. Also translated in the KJV as "false accuser" and slanderer.


13. DISCIPLE

    a. Ibriy - limmud {lim-mood'} instructed. Also translated in the KJV as accustomed, learned, taught, and used.

    b. Greek - mathetes {math-ay-tes'} a learner.

    c. Greek - mathetria {math-ay'-tree-ah} feminine form of mathetes. Applied to Tabitha in Acts 9:36.

    d. Greek - matheteuo {math-ayt-yoo'-o} appears only in MattithYahuw (Matthew) 27:57 as disciple, and means "to become a pupil." Also translated in the KJV as instruct, and teach.


14. EASTER

    a. Greek - pascha {pas'-khah} the Passover. Translated as Easter only in Acts 12:4 in the KJV of the Scriptures. Everywhere else it appears, it is correctly rendered Passover. The title Easter is a variant of the name of the pagan goddess Astarte, Eostre, Isis, or whatever else she was and still is called. She is also called the "goddess of heaven," "the mother of god," and "the Queen of the Sky" and has most or all of the characteristics attributed to Miryam (Mary) the mother of Yahushua by the Roman Catholic Church. The Catholic Church often refers to their Mary as the "goddess of heaven" and as the "Mother of God". Look at "Council of Nicea" in history.


15. EPISCOPAL

    Does not appear in this form in the KJV. (See "bishop" (Word #4).


16. EPISTLE

    a. Greek - epistole {ep-is-tol-ay'} a written message. Also translated as letter.


17. EVANGELIST

    a. Greek - euaggelistes {yoo-ang-ghel-is-tace'} a preacher of the gospel.


18. GENTILE

    a. Ibriy - goy {go'ee} a foreign nation. Also translated in the KJV as heathen, nation, and people.

    b. Greek - ethnikos {eth-nee-koce'} translates to the phrase "after the manner of Gentiles".

    c. Greek - ethnos {eth'-nos} a race. Also translated as heathen, nation, and people.

    d. Greek - Hellen {hel'lane} a Hellene (Grecian) or inhabitant of Hellas. Also translated as Greek.


19. GOD

    a. Ibriy - Yehovih - should be Yahuwah {yah-hoo-wah}, The Self Existent or Eternal.

    b. Ibriy - Yehovah - should be Yahuwah {yah-hoo-wah}, the Self Existent or Eternal.

    The pagan word god is from the Druid diety of the same name. It manifests itself in the Germanic languages as Gott and in English as good.


20. HEAVEN

    a. Ibriy - shachaq {shakh'-ak} powder (as beaten small). Also translated in the KJV as cloud, small dust, and sky.

    b. Ibriy - shameh {shaw-meh'} to be lofty, the sky. Also translated in the KJV as air, and astrologer.

    c. Kasdiy - shamayin {shaw-mah'-yin} same as Ibriy shameh.

    d. Kasdiy - galgal {gal'-gal} a wheel. Also translated as "a rolling thing", and wheel. The only place in the KJV of the Scripture that the word galgal translated as "heaven" is in Psalms 77:18.

    e. Greek - epouranias {ep-oo-ran'-ee-os} above the sky. Translated as "heaven" only in the KJV Phillipians 2:10. Everywhere else it is translated as heavenly, celestial, and high. Another word that is translated as heavenly is the Greek word ouranios {oo-ran'-ee-os} (compare ouranous below) and it literally means celestial, as belonging to or coming from the sky.

    f. Greek - mesouranema {mes-oo-ran'-ay-mah} mid-sky. Appears three times only in Revelation, and is translated in the KJV as "midst of heaven".

    g. Greek - ouranothen {oo-ran-oth'-en} from the sky.

    h. Greek - ouranos {oo-ran-os'} the sky. Also translated in the KJV as heavenly, air, and the sky.


21. HELL

    a. Ibriy - she'owl {sheh-ole'} the abode of the dead. Also translated in the KJV as pit and grave.

    b. Greek - haides {hah-dace'} the place or state of departed souls. Translated in the KJV as "grave" in 1 Korinthios (Corinthians) 15:55.

    c. Greek - geena {gheh'-en-nah} valley (of the son of) Hinnom; Gehenna, a valley of Yeruwshalom.

    d. Greek - Tartaros {tar-tar-os'} the deepest abyss of hades. This is translated in the KJV as the phrase "cast down to hell".


22. HOLY

    a. Ibriy - chaciyd {khaw-seed'} kind. Also translated in the KJV as godly (man), good, holy one, merciful, and [un-] godly.

    b. Ibriy - miqqedash {mik-ked-awsh'} a consecrated thing or place. Translated here as "holy place". Also translated in the KJV as chapel, hallowed part, and sanctuary.

    c. Ibriy - qadosh {kaw-doshe'} sacred. Also translated in the KJV as Holy One and saint.

    d. Ibriy - qadash {kaw-dash'} to be clean. Also translated in the KJV as appoint, bid, consecrate, dedicate, defile, hallow, (be, keep) holy (-er, place), keep, prepare, proclaim, purify, sanctify (-ied one, self), and X wholly.

    e. Ibriy - qodesh {ko'-desh} a sacred place or thing. also translated in the KJV as consecrated (thing), dedicated (thing), hallowed (thing), holiness, (X most) holy (X day, portion, thing), saint, and sanctuary.

    f. Greek - hagiazo {hag-ee-ad'-zo} to make holy. Translated in the KJV as holy place, hallow, and sanctify.

    g. Greek - hagios {hag'-ee-os} sacred. Also translated in the KJV as (most) holy (one, thing) and saint. See "saint" (Word #37)

    h. Greek - hosios {hos'-ee-os} right (by intrinsic or divine character). Also translated in the KJV as mercy and "shalt be".

    This is a pagan word used to describe the nimbus (halo) of their sun god.


23. HOLY GHOST - HOLY SPIRIT

    Translated from two separate Greek words. Holy is from hagios {hag'- ee-os}, meaning set apart, and Ghost and Spirit are both from pneuma {pnyoo'-mah}, meaning a current of air, or breath. Ghost is also translated as life, spirit (-ual, -ually), and mind. The phrase "Holy Ghost" only appears in the Greek language portion of the scripture, and should be rendered as Sacred or Set Apart Spirit.


24. JEHOVAH

    a. Ibriy - Yahuwah {yah-hoo-wah} the Self Existent or Eternal.

    Jehovah is an erroneous word that came into being some time after 1500 CE with the advent of the English letter "J."


25. LORD

    a. Ibriy - adon {aw-done'} sovereign. Also translated in the KJV as master and owner. Seen in composite names starting "Adoni-"

    b. Ibriy - Adonay {ad-o-noy'} an emphatic form of adon. The Sovereign. Used by the Ibriym to disguise the name of Yahuwah.

    c. Ibriy - gebiyr {gheb-eer'} a master.

    d. Ibriy - Yahuw {yah-hoo} a poetic contraction of Yahuwah. The Master most vehement. Also seen in composite names ending in -iah and -jah. (Should be pronounced as Yahuw as in YashaYahuw and EliYahuw)

    e. Ibriy - Yahuwah {yah-hoo-wah} the Self Existent or Eternal.

    f. Ibriy - shaliysh {shaw-leesh'} a triple or a triangle. Also translated in the KJV as captain, instrument of music, great lord, (great) measure, prince, and three.

    g. Greek - despotes {des-pot'-ace} an absolute ruler. Also translated as master. When translated as Lord, the translation is capitalized.

    h. Greek - kurieuo {kur-ree-yoo'-o} to rule. Also translated in the KJV as have dominion over, be lord of, and exercise lordship over.

    i. Greek - kurios {koo'-ree-os} supreme in authority. Also translated in the KJV as God, Sir, and master. When translated as Lord, the translation is capitalized.

    j. Greek - rhabboni {hrab-boo-nee'} Lord, Rabboni. From the Ibriy.

    Lord is another name of the pagan "god" Ba'al.


26. MESSIAH

    a. Ibriy - mashiach {maw-shee'-akh} anointed. Also translated as anointed. Rendered twice as "Messias" in the Greek and "Messiah" in Daniy'el of the KJV.


27. PAGAN

    Not a scriptural word. From the Latin word paganus, meaning a peasant or countryman. Does not appear in the KJV of the Sacred Scripture.


28. PARABLE

    a. Ibriy - mashal {maw-shawl'} in a sense of superiority in mental action, a pithy maxim. Also translated in the KJV as byword, like, and proverb.

    b. Greek - parabole {par-ab-ol-ay'} a similtude. Also translated in the KJV as comparison, figure, and proverb.

    c. Greek - paroimia {par-oy-mee'-ah} a state alongside of supposition. Also translated in the KJV as proverb.


29. POPE - from the word for father meaning the head shaman in the Mithraic religion.

    Not a scriptural word. This is an Anglicized form of the Latin word "papa", meaning "father," and does not appear in the KJV of the Sacred Scripture. The Greek word for father is pater {pat-ayr'}, which is alternately translated as father and parent. Another Greek word related to the Latin is pappas but this word does not appear in the Greek manuscripts of the scripture.


30. PRESBYTERY

    a. Greek - presbuterion {pres-boo-ter'-ee-on} the order of elders i.e. Yisra'eliy Sanhedrin or the "Christian Presbytery." Also translated in the KJV as the (estate of) elder (-s). The word Elder and forms of it appear about 2080 times in the KJV of the Sacred Scripture. 1 Timotheos (Timothy) 4:14 is the only occasion of this word being translated as "presbytery".


31. PRIEST

    a. Ibriy - kahan {kaw-han'} to mediate in religious services, but used only as a denom. from kohen. Also translated in the KJV as deck, be (do the office of a, execute the, minister in the) priest ('s office).

    b. Ibriy - kohen {ko-hane'} one officiating. Also translated in the KJV as chief ruler, X own, prince, principal officer.

    c. Kasdiy - kahen {kaw-hane'} same as Ibriy kohen.

    d. Greek - archiereus {ar-khee-er-yooce'} the high priest (of the Jews). Also translated in the KJV as chief (high) priest and chief of the priests.

    e. Greek - hiereus {he-er-yooce'} a priest. Also translated in the KJV as high priest.

    This word is a perversion of the Greek word presbyter, which means elder, and should be rendedered as such. Where it has been used for an official in the assembly it should be replaced with official or officiator.


32. RESURRECTION

    a. Greek - anastasis {an-as'-tas-is} a standing up again. Also translated in the KJV as raised to life again, rise from the dead, that should rise, and rising again.

    b. Greek - egersis {eg'-er-sis} a resurgence (from death). (Compare the Greek word egeiro {eg-i'- ro})

    c. Greek - exanastasis {ex-an-as'-tas-is} a rising from the dead.


33. REVELATION

    a. Greek - apokalupsis {ap-ok-al'-oop-sis} disclosure. Also translated in the KJV as appearing, coming, lighten, manifestation, and be revealed.


34. REVEREND

    a. Ibriy - yare {yaw-ray'} to fear. Morally, to revere.

    Note that this word is translated "reverend" but once in the KJV of the Scripture and is applied to Yahuwah in Psalms 111:9. Also translated in the KJV as affright, be (make) afraid, dread (-ful), (put in) fear (-ful, -fully, -ing), (be had in) reverence (-end), X see, terrible (act, -ness, thing).

    No man warrants or deserves this word as part of his title or name.


35. SABBATH

    a. Ibriy - shabath {shaw-bath'} to repose. i.e desist from exertion. Also translated as (cause to, let, make to) cease, celebrate, cause (make) to fail, keep (sabbath), suffer to be lacking, leave, put away (down), (make to) rest, rid, still, and take away.

    b. Ibriy - shabbath {shaw-bawth'} intermission. i.e. specifically the Shabbath Day, or seventh day of the week.

    c. Greek - prosabbaton {pros-ab'-bat-on} a fore-shabbath, i.e. shabbath eve. Translated in the KJV as the phrase "day before the sabbath".

    d. Greek - sabbaton {sab'-bat-on} of Ibriy origin; the Shabbath. Also translated in the KJV as sabbath day and week.

    The seventh day of the week (B'ereshiyth [Genesis] 2:2-3, Shemot [Exodus] 20:8-11)

    The shabbath day starts at sundown on what is known in the secular world by the pagan name Friday and ends at sundown the next day.


36. SAINT

    a. Ibriy - chaciyd {khaw-seed'} kind. Also translated in the KJV as godly (man), good, holy one, merciful, and [un-] godly.

    b. Ibriy - qadosh {kaw-doshe'} sacred. Also translated in the KJV as Holy One.

    c. Kasdiy - qaddiysh {kad-deesh'} same as Ibriy qadosh.

    d. Ibriy - qodesh {ko'-desh} a sacred place or thing. also translated in the KJV as consecrated (thing), dedicated (thing), hallowed (thing), holiness, (X most) holy (X day, portion, thing), and sanctuary.

    e. Greek - hagios {hag'-ee-os} sacred. Also translated in the KJV as (most) holy (one, thing).


37. SATAN

    a. Ibriy - satan {saw-tawn'} an opponent. Also translated in the KJV as adversity and withstood.

    b. Greek - Satan {sa-tan'} of Ibriy origin. Satan.

    c. Greek - Satanas {sat-an-as'} of Kasdiy origin. The accuser.


38. SIN

    a. Ibriy - 'asham {aw-shawn'} guilt. Also translated in the KJV as guiltiness, offering for sin, and trespass (offering).

    b. Ibriy - 'ashmah {ash-maw'} guiltiness, a fault, a sin offering. Also translated in the KJV as offend, (cause of) trespass (-ing, offering).

    c. Ibriy - chata {khaw-taw'} to miss. Also translated in the KJV as bear the blame, cleanse, commit sin, by fault, harm he hath done, loss, miss, (make) offend (-er), offer for sin, purge, purify (self), make reconciliation, (cause, make) sin (-ful, -ness), and trespass.

    d. Ibriy - chata'ah {khat-aw-aw'} an offense, or a sacrifice for it. Also translated in the KJV as sin offering.

    e. Kasdiy - chatta'ah {khat-taw-aw'} same as Ibriy cata'ah.

    f. Ibriy - chatta'th {khat-tawth'} an offense, sometimes habitual sinfulness, and its penalty, occasion, sacrifice, or expiation. Also translated in the KJV as punishment of sin, purifying (-fication for sin), and sinner (offering).

    g. Kasdiy - chatiy {khat-ee'} an offense.

    h. Kasdiy - chattaya {khat-taw-yaw'} an expiation.

    i. Ibriy - 'avon {aw-vone'} perversity. Also translated in the KJV as fault, iniquity, mischief, and (punishment of) iniquity.

    j. Ibriy - pesha' {peh'-shah} a revolt. Also translated in the KJV as rebellion, transgression, and trespass.

    k. Ibriy - shagah {shaw-gaw'} to stray. Also translated in the KJV as (cause to) go astray, deceive, err, be ravished, sin through ignorance, and (let, make to) wander.

    l. Greek - hamartano {ham-ar-tan-o'} to miss the mark (and therefore not share in the prize). Also translated in the KJV as for your faults, offend, and trespass.

    m. Greek - hamartema {ham-ar'-tay-mah} a sin.

    n. Greek - hamartia {ham-ar-tee'ah} sin. Also translated in the KJV as offense and sinful.

    o. Greek - anamartetos {an-am-ar'-tay-tos} sinless. This word is translated in the KJV as the phrase "that is without sin".

    p. Greek - paraptoma {par-ap'-to-mah} a side-slip (lapse or deviation). Also translated in the KJV as fall, fault, offense, and trespass.


39. SUNDAY

    Not a scriptural word. This word is not derived from the Ibriy, Kasdiy, or Greek languages, but is a translation of the Latin phrase dies solis, or day of the sun, and is the day pagans used as a day of worship of the sun. On modern calendars it is commonly shown as and in fact is the first day of the secular week, although many people think of it as the seventh day and associate it with the "Sabbath Day" of the Scripture. The Shabbath Day of Yahuwah (note spelling) that was and still is observed by the Yisra'eliym (Israelites) and true followers of the Anointed starts at sundown on the sixth day, or pagan "Friday," and continues until sundown on the seventh day, or pagan "Saturday."


40. TITHE

    a. Ibriy - ma'asrah {mah-as-raw'} a tenth. Also translated in the KJV as tenth (part), and tithing.

    b. Ibriy - 'asar {aw-sar'} to accumulate; but used only as a denom. from 'eser {eh'-ser} which means ten. Also translated in the KJV as X surely, give (take) the tenth, (have, take) tithe (-ing, -s) and X truly.

    c. Greek - apodekatoo {ap-od-ek-at-o'-o} to tithe. Also translated in the KJV as (give, pay, take) tithe.

    d. Greek - dekate {dek-at'-ay} a tenth. Also translated in the KJV as tenth (part).

    e. Greek - dekatoo {dek-at-o'-o} to tithe, to give or take a tenth part. Also translated in the KJV as pay (receive) tithes.


C.F. Castleberry
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buck@considerthis.net