Some people are surprised to learn that scripture speaks not only of the supreme deity whom most Christians refer to as "God" or "Lord," but it also speaks of many other deities as well. Please take note that we teach not use the words "God" or "Lord" as these are actually names of false deities, which we will cover in more detail later, and you can learn more about in our articles From LORD to Yahuwah, and Why the Fathers name is pronounced Yahuwah. Yahushua Scripture actually speaks of many false deities, a list of which can be found in the table below, with the corresponding Scripture verse(s). For your convienece all names and scriptural references in the following table use the KJV misspellings.
Name Of False Deity
|Amon||Sun-god||Thebes In Egypt||Jer 46:25|
|Asherah (Asherim)||Fertility goddess||Canaan||Judg 6:25,26,28,30|
|Ashima||Hammath In Syria||2Ki 17:30|
|Ashtoreth (Ashtaroth)||Love fertility goddess||Syria/Phoenicia/ Canaan||1Ki 11:5,33|
|Baal||Principal god (Lord)||Syria/Phoenicia/Canaan||2Ki 10:18-23,25-28|
|Baal-berith||"lord of covenant"||Shechem in Canaan||Judg 8:33, Judg 9:4|
|Baal-Peor||"lord of the gap"||Moabites||Num 25:3,5|
|Baal-Zebub (Beelzebub)||"lord of flies"||Ekron In Philistine||2Ki 1:2,3,6,16|
|Bel (same as Baal)||Principal god (Lord)||Moabites/Babylonians /Ammonites||Isa 46:1 Jer 50:2, Jer 51:44|
|Castor/Pollux||Twin sons of Zeus.||Greeks||Acts 28:11|
|Dagon||Grain god||Philistines||1Sa 5:2-5,7|
|Diana/Artemis/Venus||Moon, virginity goddess||Ephesus In Greece||Acts 19:24,27-28,34-35|
|Gad/Gawd||deity of luck/fortune||Israel in Babylon captivity||Isa 65:11|
|Golden Calf||Possibly from the "horns" of the comet Venus||Israel (from Egypt)||Story in Ex 32|
|Ishtar - Queen Of Heaven||Love fertility goddess||Assyria/Babylon||Jer 7:18, Jer 44:17,18,19,25|
|Jupiter/Zeus||God King, ruler of gods||Greek||Acts 14:12|
|Kalwan (Chiun)||Possibly star god||Babylonians||Amos 5:26; Acts 7:43|
|Meni||deity of destiny||Israel||Isa 65:11|
|Mercury/Hermes||Messenger of gods||Greek||Acts 14:12|
|Merodach/Marduk||Possibly Mars - war god||Babylonians||Jer 50:2|
|Milcom (Malcham, Malcam)||Ammonites||1Ki 11:5,33|
|Molech (Moloch)||Destroyer||Ammonites||Lev 20:2,3,4,5|
|Nebo||Language, arts god||Chaldea In Babylon||Isa 46:1|
|Nergal||War and hunting god||Cuth in Babylon||2Ki 17:30|
|Rimmon||Weather god||Syria||2Ki 5:18|
|Sikkuth||Saturn god||Babylonians||Amos 5:26|
|Succoth Benoth||goddess||Babylonians/Samarians||2Ki 17:30|
|Tammuz||Vegetation god||Babylonians/Samarians||Eze 8:14|
|Tartak||Prince of darkness||Avvites||2Ki 17:31|
Who are these False deities?
Scripture gives us the answers as we read in the book of Shemot [Exodus]:
She 20:1-3 And Elohiym (when capitalized is the Ibriy (Hebrew) plural noun title for their "Almighty Deity" Yahuwah) spoke all these words saying, 2 "I am Yahuwah your Eloah (the singular poetic form of Elohiym), who brought you out of the land of Mitsrayim (Egypt), out of the house of slaves. 3 You will have no other elohiym (when not capitalized meaning other deities) before Me. (RNV)
For deeper understanding of the Ibriy words, Elohiym and Eloah, please see our article El, Eloah, and Elohiym.
We read that Yahuwah commanded the descendants of Abraham not to have any other elohiym or deities besides Him. The basis of the covenant relationship Yahuwah established between Himself and the people of Yisra'el [Israel] was first and foremost dependent upon their steadfast loyalty. In the next verses we can obtain a good understanding of what some of those false deities actually were when Yahuwah defined for His people some of the things that they were NOT to worship:
She 20:4-5 You will not make for yourself a carved image or any likeness of anything that is in the sky above or that is in the earth beneath or that is in the water under the earth. 5 You will not bow down to them nor serve them, for I, Yahuwah your Eloah, am a jealous El, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the sons as far as the third and fourth generation of those who hate Me. (RNV)
Here Yahuwah clearly teaches us that many of the deities that were worshipped by other people at that time were in fact carved images or idols of things that were in the sky, the earth, or in the water under the earth. So we comprehend that those things Yahuwah was speaking about were birds, animals, reptiles, insects, fish and mammals, that other people chose to worship.
How many False Deities were there?
Through His word, Yahuwah makes known to us that there are many that are called gods, not just the carved and graven images, but also including those in the form of man and spiritual beings. In the popular King James Version of Scripture, (which uses the words God and god, as well as, LORD and Lord), in the book of 1 Korinthios [Corinthians], it is revealed that there are many so-called gods and lords:
1Co 8:5 "For though there be that are called gods, whether in heaven or in earth, (as there be gods many, and lords many,)" (KJV)
1 Korinthios 8:5 For even if there are so-called elohiym, whether in the sky or on earth (as there are many elohiym and many masters), (RNV)
Upon further examination, we also learn that men have been called "gods," as seen in the book of Shemot [Exodus]:
Ex 7:1 "And the LORD said unto Moses, See, I have made thee a god to Pharaoh:" (KJV)
Shemot 7:1 And Yahuwah said to Mosheh, "See? I have made you as Elohiym to Par'oh and Aharown your brother will be your prophet. (RNV)
Most all historians agree that the Par'oh's [Pharaoh] of Mitsrayim (Egypt) claimed to be living gods and this fact is well documented in most references on Egyptology. In Shemot 7:1 we see that Yahuwah made Mosheh (Moses) a "god" over Par'oh who was a self proclaimed "god" who was but human. The Par'ohs were not the only men to self proclaim themselves to be "gods," other men also set their selves up to be deities, and most of them said they were the "sun-god."
One such man was Nimrowd (Nimrod) claims Bible archaeologist Dr. David P. Livingston on his web page titled Who was Nimrod? (http://www.christiananswers.net/dictionary/nimrod.html). Nimrowd, was the grandson of Cham [Ham] and the great-grandson of Noach [Noah]. Nimrowd started his kingdom at Babel [Babylon] as found in the book of B'ereshiyth [Genesis]. We know that the tower of Babel was built in the kingdom of Babel and Dr. Livingston asserts that the reason for building the tower was not to try and reach the Almighty Yahuwah as many Christians believe, but rather to openly defy Him.
Dr. Livingston believes, and many scholars agree, that the Nimrowd of scripture, is one and the same person found in extra-Biblical literature known as Gilgamesh. In the Gilgamesh Epic the hero is a vile, filthy, perverted person, yet he is presented as the greatest, strongest, hero that ever lived (Alexander Heidel, 1963: 18). The story goes that Gilgamesh, sets out to kill Huwawa, the god who sent the Flood upon the earth, so that he will never trouble them again. Dr. Livingston proclaims on his website that the deity Huwawa is the exact same deity the Yisra'eliym [Israelites] were instructed in scripture to call Yahuwah. Nimrowd was a bold man, of great strength, and must have also been a very charismatic man as he persuaded his followers not to credit their happiness to Huwawa or Yahuwah, but rather that it was through his means that they were happy. He convinced the people to believe that it was their own courage that procured their happiness. Later to ensure the people would continue to follow him, he gradually changed the government into a tyranny, seeing no other way of turning men from the fear of Huwawa or Yahuwah, in order to bring them into a constant dependence upon his own power. Asserting he is looking out for the people's best interest, Nimrowd sets out to build the tower of Babel to protect his followers from Huwawa or Yahuwah should He have a mind to drown the world again. In absolute defiance of Huwawa or Yahuwah, Nimrowd would build a tower too high for the waters to be able to reach, thus removing the people from the reach of Huwawa or Yahuwah!
Satan the most well known self professed deity of scripture
Even satan himself is described as being a god, as we discover within the pages of 2 Korinthios [Corinthians]:
2 Co 4:4 "In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, ..." (KJV)
2 Korinthios 4:4 whose minds the elohiym of this age has blinded, who do not believe, lest the illumination of the good news of the splendor of the Anointed, who is the image of Yahuwah, should beam upon them. (RNV)
We read in YashaYahuw [Isaiah] chapter 14 that satan, like Nimrowd, rebelled against Yahuwah, wanting to be like Yahuwah setting himself up as a deity.
Yas 14:12-13 How you are fallen from the sky, Lucifer, son of dawn! How you are cut down to the ground, you who weakened the nations! 13 And you have said in your heart, 'I will ascend into the sky. I will exalt my throne above the stars of El and I will sit on the mount of meeting on the farthest sides of the north. 14 I will ascend above the heights of the clouds, I will be like the Most High.' (RNV)
Satan, whom some call Lucifer, translated from the Ibriy word "helel," (which means the shining star in the sense of brightness) did not want to worship or obey Yahuwah; he wanted to be Yahuwah. In B'ereshiyth 3:1-5, as satan tempts Chawwah (Eve) to eat the fruit of the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil, he tells her,
B'ereshiyth [Genesis] 3:1-5 And the serpent was more subtle than any living thing of the field that Yahuwah Elohiym had made and he said to the woman, "Has Elohiym also said, 'You will not eat of every tree of the garden?'" 2 And the woman said to the serpent, "We may eat the fruit of the trees of the garden, 3 and of the fruit of the tree in the midst of the garden Elohiym has said, 'You will not eat of it and not touch it, lest you die.'" 4 And the serpent said to the woman, "You will most certainly not die 5 for Elohiym knows that in the day you eat of it and your eyes will be opened and you will be like Elohiym, knowing good and evil." (RNV)
Right from the very beginning Satan has tempted humans, telling them, you will be like Elohiym, (RNV)
Scripture Documents the Worship of False Deities
Despite the many miraculous events and insurmountable evidence provided by Yahuwah that He alone is supreme, scripture documents numerous times Yahuwah's chosen people turned away from Him to worship a strange "god" or "goddess."
One such "god" who tempted the Yisra'eliym was Ba'al, whose name derives from the Semitic word ba'lu, meaning "lord."
We can read in the book of Judges, how the Yisra'eliym had only been in the promised land a short time before turning their attention to the deities of the Kenananiy [Canaanites]. Many Yisra'eliym deserted Yahuwah to serve Asherah (Ashteroth), and her husband Ba'al. Yisra'el fell deep into the Kenananiyth religion and constructed a temple for the worship of Ba'al at Shomerown [Samaria] during the time of Achab [Ahab] and Iytzabel [Jezebel] (869-850 b.c.) when Ba'al was declared the official national deity (see 1 Kings 16:29-34). The final chapter concerning Ba'al worship was written during the reigns of Jehu and Josiah, when the southern kingdom and its capital were purged of the worship of Ba'al (see 2 Kings 10; 23:1-30).
Sadly this scenario of falling away from Yahuwah to worship false deities is repeated again and again by the Yisra'eliym. Yahuwah allowed this to continue until a little over 2,000 years ago, when He sent His son Yahushua to be the very last sacrificial lamb. Yahushua who would shed His blood not just for the Yisra'eliym, but for all whom would accept His gift of redemption for their sins of disobedience to Yahuwah.
Does Scripture Tell of False Deities in Our Time?
Yes it does! In fact, scripture warns that as time draws closer to the end, more and more people will be deceived.
Matthew 24:4-5 And Yahushua answered and said to them, "Take heed that no one deceives you 5 for many will come in My name saying, 'I am the Anointed' and will deceive many.
Matthew 24:23-25 Then if anyone says to you, 'Look! Here is the Anointed!' or 'There!' do not believe it. 24 For false anointeds and false prophets will rise and show great signs and wonders to deceive, if possible, even the elect. 25 Behold! I have told you beforehand.
Rev 12:9 And the great dragon was thrown out, that old serpent called the Diablos and Satan, that deceives the whole world. He was thrown into the earth and his messengers were thrown out with him.
It stands to reason that if satan has deceived the whole world, that he has deceived the world regarding the deity in the book in which he himself is written about. Another way of saying this is that satan has deceived the world into believing in a false deity, a false God and Savior. Satan successfully removed the Almighty Creators name from most all copies of scripture, replacing His name Yahuwah with words "the LORD" and "God". Satan also changed the name of Yahuwah's only begotten to what has become known around the world to Christians as Jesus Christ. Jesus is not our Saviors name, but rather it is a very poor attempt at transliteration of His name, from Ibriy to Greek to Latin to English. Yahushua is His name, which literally means "salvation of Yahuwah."
Some say that Jesus Christ is the English translation (names are NEVER transalted, but rather transliterated) of Yahushua, but there was another individual in scripture whose name was also Yahushua, His name translated into English became Joshua, so why did not the translators translate our Savior's name the same? Because how else could satan deceive the entire world into believing in a false deity and savior. You can read much more on this in our article Yahushua vs Joshua vs Jesus.
Are the names of our Savior and our Creator really that important? You bet they are! Your eternal salvation depends on it. Scripture tells us this in the book of Acts.
Act 4:12 And there is not salvation in any other, for there is no other name under the sky given among men by which we must be saved." (RNV)
So you see, using the correct name of our creator, Yahuwah, and the correct name of His son Yahushua is the only way to find salvation. By choosing to use any other names, you are choosing to worship a false deity. It really is that simple.
Some people are hurt when they read this because they have given their lives over to Jesus, the person they thought scripture was written about, and that they have felt His presence in their lifes. Scripture tells us that Yahuwah knows a persons heart, and He knows who is sincere in their worship of Him. Are we saying that any person who has died or will die calling on the name of Jesus will not be saved? Yes, because He does not hear them.
Proverbs 30:4 Who has ascended into the sky or descended? Who has gathered the wind in His fists? Who has bound the waters in a garment? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is His name and what is His Son's name, if you know?
MattiythYahuw [Matthew] 7:21-23 Not everyone who says to Me, 'Master! Master!' will enter into the kingdom of the sky but he who does the will of My Father in the sky. 22 Many will say to Me in that day, 'Master! Master! Have we not prophesied in Your name, and cast out demons in Your name, and done many wonders in Your name?' 23 And then I will confess to them, 'Because I never knew you, depart from Me, you who practice lawlessness!'
We also say that once you are made aware of satan's deception, and once you know of our Creator's true name and that of His Son our Savior, that you are responsible for the choices you make with that information. We hope after reading this article you will take the time to research the scripture verses given, to prove to yourself if what is written here is true. Please do not take our word for it, as you are responsible for searching out the truth yourself.