The Shabbath Day of Yahuwah

The Perpetual Covenant

Yahuwah declares the shabbath as a day of rest

    B'ereshiyth (Genesis) 2:2-3 And on the seventh day Elohiym ended His work which He had made and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had made. {3} And Elohiym blessed the seventh day and sanctified it because that in it He had rested from all His work that Elohiym created and made.

The shabbath being observed before the Law of Mosheh (Moses)was given

    Shemot (Exodus) 16:23 And he said to them, This is that which Yahuwah has said, "Tomorrow is the rest of the sanctified shabbath to Yahuwah. Bake what you will bake today, boil what you will boil, and what remains over you lay up to be kept until the morning."

    Shemot 16:25 And Mosheh said, "Eat that today for today is a shabbath to Yahuwah. Today you shall not find it in the field. {26} Six days you shall gather it but on the seventh day, which is the shabbath, in it there shall be none."

    Shemot 16:29 See, because Yahuwah has given you the shabbath He therefore gives you on the sixth day the bread of two days. Every man stay in his place. Let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.

    NechemYahuw (Nehemiah) 9:14 And made known to them your sanctified shabbath and commanded them precepts, statutes, and laws, by the hand of Mosheh your servant...

Note here in NechemYahuw 9:14 that it is said that Yahuwah MADE KNOWN His sanctified shabbath and THEN commanded precepts, etc.

The Ten Words (Commandments) - The Shabbath Observation Defined

    Shemot 20:8-11 Remember the shabbath day to keep it sanctified. Six days shall you labor and do all your work but the seventh day is the shabbath of Yahuwah your Eloah. In it you shall not do any work, you, nor your son, nor your daughter, your manservant, nor your maidservant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger that is within your gates. For in six days Yahuwah made the sky and earth, the sea and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Wherefore Yahuwah blessed the shabbath day and sanctified it.

We as children of Yahuwah are bound by these laws of Yahuwah, except as modified by Yahuwah (See YirmeYahuw 31:29-30) as they are what make up the Royal Law. The first five are covered in "You shall love Yahuwah your Eloah with all your heart, soul, mind, and strength". The last five are covered by "Love your neighbor as yourself."

Yahuwah makes His Shabbath a permanent observance

    Shemot 31:16 Wherefore the children of Yisra'el shall keep the shabbath, to observe the shabbath throughout their generations, for a perpetual covenant.

    YashaYahuw (Isaiah) 44:24 And in controversy they shall stand in judgment and they shall judge it according to my judgments and they shall keep my laws and my statutes in all my assemblies and they shall sanctify my shabbaths.

    YashaYahuw (Isaiah) 56:4-7 For thus says Yahuwah, "To the eunuchs who keep My shabbaths and choose what pleases Me and hold fast My covenant, 5I will give to them in My house and within My walls a place and a name better than that of sons and daughters. I will give them an everlasting name that will not be cut off. 6And the sons of the foreigner who join themselves to Yahuwah, to minister to Him, and to love the name of Yahuwah, to be His slaves, everyone who keeps from defiling the shabbath and holds fast My covenant, 7and I will come with them to My sacred mountain and make them joyful in My house of prayer. Their whole burnt offerings and their sacrifices will be accepted on My altar for My house will be called a house of prayer for all peoples."

We, if we are in the body of the Anointed, are the children of Yahuwah and are thereby the children of Yisra'el. (See Ephesios (Ephesians) 2:11-22)

More examples of how Yahuwah felt about His shabbath and its observation. (One verse each from several books. There are many other verses and passages in each of these books that shows the requirement for observance of the seventh day as a day of rest).

Law of Mosheh

    Wayiqra (Leviticus) 19:3 You shall fear every man his mother and his father and keep my shabbaths. I am Yahuwah your Eloah.

    Dabariym (Deuteronomy) 5:14 But the seventh day is the shabbath of Yahuwah your Eloah. In it you shall not do any work, you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your manservant, nor your maidservant, nor your ox, nor your donkey, nor any of your cattle, nor your stranger that is within your gates that your manservant and your maidservant may rest as well as you.

Shabbath separated from the Law of Mosheh

General observance of the shabbath

    NechemYahuw 10:31 And if the people of the land bring wares or any food on the shabbath day to sell, that we would not buy it of them on the shabbath, or on the sanctified day and that we would leave the seventh year the exaction of every debt.

    Psalms 92:1 A Psalm or Song for the shabbath day. It is a good thing to give thanks to Yahuwah and to sing praises to your name, O most High,

    Yasha'Yahuw 56:6 Also the sons of the stranger, that join themselves to Yahuwah, to serve him, and to love the name of Yahuwah, to be his servants, every one that keeps the shabbath from polluting it, and takes hold of my covenant...

    Yasha'Yahuw 58:13 If you turn away your foot from the shabbath, from doing your pleasure on my sanctified day, and call the shabbath a delight, the sanctified of Yahuwah, honorable; and shall honor him, not doing your own ways, nor finding your own pleasure, nor speaking your own words...

    YirmeYahuw (Jeremiah) 17:22 Neither carry forth a burden out of your houses on the shabbath day. Neither do you any work, but you sanctify the shabbath day, as I commanded your fathers.

    Yechezq'el (Ezekiel) 20:20 And sanctify my shabbaths and they shall be a sign between me and you that you may know that I am Yahuwah your Elohiym.

The way the law is supposed to be observed, by the Lawgiver Himself
All of the examples above delineate the way Yahuwah wants us to observe His shabbath. Below, Yahushua shows us that the shabbath is a day of rest for us, and not some highly restrictive day that we have to fear. Although we should be worshipping Yahuwah every day, this day is set aside (sanctified) to relax and engage in praise and worship of Him without having to think about the cares of the world. As the Yisra'eliy observed the Law of Mosheh (which was given AFTER the commandments of Yahuwah. (See Shemot 20:1-17,22, 24:4) over the centuries, the rabbinic leaders of Yisra'el added more and more restrictions and restraints to the law and called it the Law (of Mosheh), but it really wasn't. It had started off as the Book of the Law, but finished as the traditions of man being called the commandments of Yahuwah. This is seen by taking note of how Yahushua (The Lawgiver Himself) observed the law.

    MattiythYahuw (Matthew) 12:1-8 At that time Yahushua went on the shabbath day through the grain. And his disciples were hungry, began to pluck the ears of grain, and to eat. But when the Pharisees saw it, they said to him, "Behold, your disciples do that which is not lawful to do upon the shabbath day." But he said to them, "Have you not read what David did when he was hungry and they that were with him? How he entered into the house of Elohiym and ate the showbread, which was not lawful for him to eat, neither for them which were with him, but only for the officials? Or have you not read in the law how that on the shabbath days the officials in the temple profane the shabbath and are blameless? But I say to you that in this place is one greater than the temple. But if you had known what this meant, I will have mercy and not sacrifice, you would not have condemned the guiltless. For the Son of man is Master even of the shabbath day."

    MattiythYahuw 12:10-12 And, behold, there was a man which had his hand withered. And they asked him, saying, "Is it lawful to heal on the shabbath days?" that they might accuse him. And he said to them, "What man shall there be among you that shall have one sheep, and if it fall into a pit on the shabbath day will he not lay hold on it, and lift it out? How much then is a man better than a sheep? Wherefore it is lawful to do well on the shabbath days."

    Markos (Mark) 2:27-28 And he said to them, "The shabbath was made for man and not man for the shabbath. Therefore the Son of man is Master also of the shabbath."

    Loukas (Luke) 6:9 Then Yahushua said to them, "I will ask you one thing. Is it lawful on the shabbath days to do good or to do evil? To save life, or to destroy it?"

    Loukas 13:14-16 And the ruler of the synagogue answered with indignation, because that Yahushua had healed on the shabbath day, and said to the people, "There are six days in which men ought to work. In them therefore come and be healed and not on the shabbath day." The Master then answered him and said, "You hypocrite! Does not each one of you on the shabbath loose his ox or his donkey from the stall and lead him away to watering? And ought not this woman, being a daughter of Abraham, whom Satan has bound, lo, these eighteen years, be loosed from this bond on the shabbath day?"

    Yahuchanan (John) 7:22-23 Mosheh therefore gave to you circumcision (not because it is of Mosheh, but of the fathers) and you on the shabbath day circumcise a man. If a man on the shabbath day receive circumcision, that the law of Mosheh should not be broken; are you angry with me, because I have made a man every whit whole on the shabbath day?

    Yahuchanan 9:16 Therefore said some of the Pharisees, "This man is not of Yahuwah, because he does not keep the shabbath day." Others said, "How can a man that is a sinner do such miracles?" And there was a division among them.

The shabbath as observed by the children of Yahuwah of the first century

    Acts 13:14 But when they departed from Perge they came to Antiochia in Pisidia and went into the synagogue on the shabbath day and sat down.

    Acts 13:42 And when the Yahudiym were gone out of the synagogue, the Gentiles besought that these words might be preached to them the next shabbath.

    Acts 13:44 And the next shabbath day came almost the whole city together to hear the word of Yahuwah.

    Acts 16:13 And on the shabbath we went out of the city by a river side where prayer was wont to be made. We sat down and spoke to the women which resorted there.

    Acts 17:2 And Sha'uwl, as was his custom, went in to them and three shabbath days reasoned with them out of the scriptures,

    Acts 18:4 And he reasoned in the synagogue every shabbath and persuaded the Yahudiym and the Greeks.

Which day is the shabbath?

    B'ereshiyth 2:2-3 And on the seventh day Elohiym ended his work which he had made and he rested on THE seventh day from all his work which he had made. {3} And Elohiym blessed THE seventh day and sanctified it because that in it he had rested from all his work which Elohiym created and made.

There are in fact TWO seven-day weeks in use in modern times (see the articles Saturday? and Pagan Names of the Weekdays). There is the secular seven-day week used by "Sun-day" keepers and the rest of the world, and there is the scriptural seven-day week used by shabbath keepers. The secular seven-day week has days named after pagan deities and each of its days starts and ends at midnight. The scriptural seven-day week has days that are numbered sequentially and each of its days starts and ends at sundown. Two completely different systems.

So Yahuwah rested on the seventh day of creation, and remember that His days start at sundown. Look at the Gregorian calendar (the one hanging on the wall), and you will see that the first day of the secular week is "Sunday" and the seventh day of the week is "Saturday." Both of these names are from pagan worship rites and gods and they start at midnight. "Sun-day" is the venerable day of the sun (dies solis - day of the sun), which to many pagans, including Constantine, was a god. "Saturday" is Saturn's Day, also a pagan deity. Pope Gregory didn't care though, as he wanted as many dues paying people as he could get into the Catholic Church. It did not matter if they were truly born again children of Yahuwah or pure pagan. The could and did change doctrine to accommodate the pagans. Part of the day the heathen call "Saturday" is still observed by Orthodox Yahudiym and true followers of the Anointed as the shabbath, but it actually starts at sundown the day before. It is truly the day sanctified by Yahuwah. It is Yahuwah's Shabbath Day, that we too, as children of Yahuwah, must observe.

When does it start?

    B'ereshiyth 1:5 And Elohiym called the light Day and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.

And the second day, and the third, etc. All of the days of the week start and end at sundown according to the word of Yahuwah. Who are you going to believe? The pope of the Roman Catholic Church or the Creator of all there is? From sundown the sixth day to sundown the seventh day is the shabbath (intermission or timeout).

The First Day of the Week
There are many Protestant preachers, all of the Catholic clergy, and other assorted "religious" dignitaries, that will tell you "Sunday" is the correct day of the week to observe as the shabbath of Yahuwah because Yahushua was risen on that day. They may even call that day the "Christian Sabbath." Unhappily, they have not observed the admonition in 2 Timotheos 2:16. Also, nowhere in scripture is it to be found where Yahuwah changed His day from the seventh to the first and most all will admit that. What Yahuwah has sanctified and sanctified, man cannot unsanctify. There is, however, plenty of evidence in history where man changed the time that Yahuwah set for His shabbath in contradiction to the Word of Yahuwah (See Daniye'l (Daniel) 7:25).

    MattiythYahuw 28:1 In the end of the shabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, Miryam of Migdal and the other Miryam came to see the tomb.

    Markos 16:2 And very early in the morning the first day of the week, they came to the tomb at the rising of the sun.

    Markos 16:9 Now when Yahushua was risen early the first day of the week, He appeared first to Miryam of Migdal, out of whom He had cast seven demons.

    Loukas 24:1 Now upon the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came to the tomb, bringing the spices which they had prepared, and certain others with them.

    Yahuchanan 20:1 The first day of the week Miryam of Migdal came early, when it was yet dark, to the tomb, and saw that the stone was taken away from the tomb.

All of these passages say that Yahushua was already risen when his disciples got to the tomb on the first day. They do NOT say there how long He had been risen when they got there, or that He arose ON the first day.

Here's what Yahushua had to say about how long He would be in the earth.

    MattiythYahuw 12:39-40 But he answered and said to them, "An evil and adulterous generation seeks after a sign and there shall no sign be given to it but the sign of the prophet Yonah. For as Yonah was three days and three nights in the fish's belly, so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth."

Here's what the scripture says about when He died.

    Yahuchanan 19:31 The Yahudiym therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the post on the shabbath day (for that shabbath day was a high day), besought Pilatos that their legs might be broken and that they might be taken away.

The shabbath after the day He died was a high shabbath, the first day of the Festival of the Unleavened Bread, and was not the regular seventh day shabbath which occurred two days later. It was a special shabbath or "high shabbath" on the fifth day of the week.

    Loukas 23:56 And they returned and prepared spices and ointments and rested the shabbath day according to the commandment.

If Yahushua was buried as is believed late "Friday" (day of Frigga - a pagan goddess) evening, the women would have had to wait until the first day of the week to buy and prepare the spices because of the shabbath which started at sundown that day. They bought and prepared these spices and ointments on sixth day, the day after the high shabbath, rested on the regular shabbath (the seventh day), and showed up at the tomb early on the first day of the week, a little over seventy-two hours after Yahushua was buried.

    Loukas 24:1 Now upon the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came to the tomb, bringing the spices which they had prepared, and certain others with them.

They came to the tomb to dress Yahushua's body with the ointments and spices that they had prepared the previous sixth day.

Yahushua died just before sundown on the fourth day and was buried. Three days later (seventy-two hours), at sundown of the shabbath day, as He said He would, He rose.

You see, if Yahushua was impaled (crucified) as tradition teaches on "Good Friday, and He arose early "Easter Sunday," He was only in the "belly of the earth" for one and one half days. This would make Him a liar, because of His statement in MattiythYahuw 12:39-40, and we know that it isn't possible for Him to lie. Read and believe the scripture. It is correct.

The day after the shabbath.

All of the same people who would tell you "Sunday" is the correct day because that is when Yahushua was risen, will quickly point to these verses in support of their position. This shows a distinct lack of understanding of the Law of Mosheh, and of the Law of Liberty.

    Acts 20:7 And upon the first day of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Sha'uwl (Paul) preached to them, ready to depart on the morrow; and continued his speech until midnight.

In Acts 20:7 above, if the saints gathered on "Sunday" morning to hear Sha'uwl preach (Sunday School at 10:00 AM, preaching at 11:00 AM, catfish at 1:00 PM), he was pretty hoarse by midnight. What happened here was that the saints came together for a meal (not communion - see 1 Korinthios 11:20-22) after the shabbath (seventh day) for fellowship, and they stuck around to listen to Sha'uwl. The shabbath was over at sundown and Sha'uwl preached from somewhere around then until midnight, which was still a mighty long time preaching, planning on leaving the area later in the morning of the first day of the week. There are no other passages that make any statements about "fellowship" on the first day and this one does not imply any kind of "religious" reason for the gathering except fellowship.

    1 Korinthios (Corinthians) 16:2 Upon the first day of the week let every one of you lay by him in store, as Yahuwah has prospered him, that there be no gatherings when I come.

Remember what Yahuwah had to say about those people who profaned His shabbaths? In 1 Korinthios 16:2 above, Sha'uwl has very carefully told these people to NOT profane the shabbath of Yahuwah by doing the work of gathering then, but to do the work of gathering on the day AFTER the shabbath, the first day of the week. This gathering was of what goods these people had earned or grown for the express purpose of relieving the poor saints of Yeruwshalom, as seen in many other letters of Sha'uwl such as Rhomaios 15:26-28. These were goods that could be used directly by the people they were intended for and not cash money.

If this passage was evidence of how an assembly is to conduct its monetary collections on the pagan worship day of Sunday, then everything that is collected should be sent to Yeruwshalom for the poor saints there and not used for other purposes. No building funds. No preacher's salary. No mortgage or utility payments, etc. By the way, they should wait also for Sha'uwl or one of his cohorts to come tend to it too.

The very meanings of the Greek words used in this passage deny any kind of religious meeting being associated with this "setting aside." To "lay by him in store" here literally means to accumulate at HIS OWN DWELLING and not at some building used for religious purposes.

All of the evidence in scripture of when the saints met for praise, worship, preaching, reproof, rebuke, etc. points squarely at the seventh day. Yahuwah never changed His day. Man did. More specifically, the man called the Pope of Rome

Some say that when Yahuchanan (John) was in the Spirit on the Sovereign's Day (Revelation 1:10), that this was Sunday. There is no scriptural evidence to suggest that other than people's imaginations. Yahuwah called the shabbath His day, and that makes the seventh day the Sovereign's day too. The "Lord's Day" could have been a "Sunday" since "the Lord" is a name and title for Ba'al, but I am sure that Yahuchanan was not referring to the day of that pagan deity.

Something to think about

    YashaYahuw 56:1-8 Thus says Yahuwah, You keep judgment and do justice for my salvation is near to come and my righteousness to be revealed. {2} Blessed is the man that does this and the son of man that lays hold on it that keeps the shabbath from polluting it and keeps his hand from doing any evil. {3} Neither let the son of the stranger that has joined himself to Yahuwah speak saying, Yahuwah has utterly separated me from his people. Neither let the eunuch say, "Behold, I am a dry tree." {4} For thus says Yahuwah to the eunuchs that keep my shabbaths and choose the things that please me and take hold of my covenant, {5} Even to them I will give in my house and within my walls a place and a name better than of sons and of daughters. I will give them an everlasting name that shall not be cut off. {6} Also the sons of the stranger that join themselves to Yahuwah, to serve him, to love the name of Yahuwah, to be his servants, and every one that keeps the shabbath from polluting it and takes hold of my covenant. {7} Even them I will bring to my sanctified mountain and make them joyful in my house of prayer. Their burnt offerings and their sacrifices shall be accepted upon my altar, for my house shall be called a house of prayer for all people. {8} The Sovereign Yahuwah which gathers the outcasts of Yisra'el says, "Yet I will gather others to him, beside those that are gathered to him."

    Ibriym (Hebrews) 4:1-13 Let us therefore fear, lest a promise being left us of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it. For to us was the gospel preached, as well as to them, but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it. For we which have believed do enter into rest. As he said, "As I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into my rest," although the works were finished from the foundation of the world. For he spoke in a certain place of the seventh day on this wise, "And Yahuwah rested the seventh day from all his works." And in this place again, "If they shall enter into my rest." Seeing therefore it remains that some must enter therein, and they to whom it was first preached did not enter in because of unbelief. Again, He limits a certain day, saying in Dawiyd, "Today, after so long a time, as it is said, 'Today if you will hear his voice, do not harden your hearts.'" For if Yahushua had given them rest, then would he not afterward have spoken of another day. There remains therefore a shabbath day to the people of Yahuwah. For he that is entered into His rest, he also has ceased from his own works, as Yahuwah did from His. Let us labor therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief. For the word of Yahuwah is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart. Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in His sight, but all things are naked and opened to the eyes of Him with whom we have to do.

If you are a Shabbath Keeper, do you look forward to sundown Saturday so you can get back to your regular business? If so, look at this.

    Amos 8:4-5 Hear this, O you that swallow up the needy, even to make the poor of the land to fail, saying, "When will the new moon be gone that we may sell grain? And the shabbath, that we may set forth wheat, making the ephah small, the shekel great, and falsifying the balances by deceit?"

If you are NOT a shabbath keeper, why not? Don't you believe the scripture? Don't you love our Creator and Savior and want to be in obedience? Read Ibriym (Hebrews) chapter four in the RNV.

If you do, keep His commandments. (Yahuchanan 14:15)

Related articles which you may find to be of interest.

The Lost Shabbath?
Lunar Shabbath Refuted by Scripture
Rome's Challenge
The Shabbath. Saturday?
When Does the Shabbath Start?
True Shabbath in the Languages of the World
The Shabbath Over the Centuries
Shabbath References in Scripture
Week Chart of the Shabbath

C.F. Castleberry