Structure of the Assembly

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Offices in the Assembly

High Temple Official
This position is one that was given by Yahuwah the Father to one person only, and forever. This same person holds the position today just as when it was given to Him two thousand years ago. He will hold it forever, without possibility of replacement. This person is:

Yahushua the Anointed, our Sovereign.

The term used in many versions for this office, "high priest," is really a misnomer, as the word "priest" is a corrupted form of presbuteros, or elder. The word translated as "priest" in the Ibriy (Hebrew) is kohen (ko-hane'), which literally means one who officiates. This person was the one who did the service of Yahuwah under the Law of Mosheh and had to be of the tribe of Lawiy.

This is the same position that in Greek is called hiereus (hee-er-yooce') which means the same thing (literally or figuratively) as the Ibriy term for the position. The "high official" is archiereus (ar-khee-er-yuce), or the high official (literally of the Yahudah, typified by the Anointed). There are no officiators, other than the overseers, in the assembly of our Sovereign, and no "representative on earth," other than all of the living children of Yahuwah.

    Acts 3:1 Wherefore, morally clean brothers, partakers of the celestial calling, consider the Delegate and High Official of our profession, the Anointed Yahushua . . .

The "office of bishop" is from the Greek word episkope (ep-is-kop-ay') which by implication means superintendence in the position of leadership in the local congregation. In the Scripture there is always a plurality of these overseers in the local congregation.

The Greek word for the person in this office is episkopos (ep-is'-kop-os) and it means a superintendent. These individuals are also elders, from presbuteros (pres-boo'-ter-os) which is a companion word to presbus which means elderly.

Overseers are always elders, but elders are not always overseers. For an elder to be designated as an overseer he must be senior not only in age but in the faith also and meet the other the requirements stated in the Scripture. Overseers are always male and seniors in physical age and maturity in the Scripture.

The requirements for someone to attain to this office are very simple but strict. They are found in several places in the Scripture, but Sha'uwl (Paul) delineates them very well in the below Scripture.

    1 Timotheos (Timothy) 3:1-7 This is a faithful saying. Whoever desires the office of an overseer he desires an excellent work. {2} An overseer then must be blameless, the husband of one wife, temperate, of a sound mind, modest, hospitable, able to teach. {3} Not given to wine, no bully, not avaricious, but moderate, not a brawler, without avarice, {4} one who rules his own house well, having his children in submission with all dignity {5} (for if a man does not know how to rule his own house, how will he take care of the assembly of Yahuwah?). {6} Not a novice, lest being puffed up with pride he fall into the condemnation of the devil. {7} Moreover he must have a good testimony among those who are outside unless he fall into reproach and the snare of the devil.

The position of deacon - From the Greek word diakoneo (dee-ak-on-eh'-o) meaning to be an attendant, i.e. wait upon menially as a host or friend. It is not a position of authority as seen in so many so-called "Christian" denominations. The person in the office is a diakonos (dee-ak'-on-os) who runs errands, acts as an attendant, and as a waiter (at table or in other menial duties), etc.

    1 Timotheos 3:8-13 Likewise the deacons must be grave, not doubletongued, not given to much wine, not greedy of filthy lucre; Holding the mystery of the faith in a pure conscience. And let these also first be proved; then let them use the office of a deacon, being found blameless. Even so must their wives be grave, not slanderers, sober, faithful in all things. Let the deacons be the husbands of one wife, ruling their children and their own houses well. For they that have used the office of a deacon well purchase to themselves a good degree, and great boldness in the faith which is in the Anointed Yahushua.

Gifts of the Spirit

    1 Korinthios (Corinthians) 12:4-12 Now there are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit. And there are differences of administrations, but the same Master. And there are diversities of operations, but it is the same Eloah which works all in all. But the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man to profit with. For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom, to another the word of knowledge by the same Spirit, to another faith by the same Spirit, to another the gifts of healing by the same Spirit, to another the working of miracles, to another prophecy, to another discerning of spirits, to another divers kinds of languages, to another the interpretation of languages. But all these works from that one and the selfsame Spirit, dividing to every man severally as he will. For as the body is one and has many members and all the members of that one body, being many, are one body, so also is the Anointed.

Sha'uwl tells us in no uncertain language that immersed believers are given spiritual gifts by Yahuwah to edify and complete the assembly and that no gift is to be considered better than any other, regardless of what we may think of them. These gifts are not offices in the assembly but are gifts of the Spirit to each and every individual member of the body of Yahushua. The offices delineated above have no bearing on who has what gift. As a matter of fact, most of the gifts are more desirous than being selected as a overseer.

    1 Korinthios 12:28-31 And Yahuwah has set some in the assembly, first (1) delegates, secondarily (2) prophets, thirdly (3) teachers, after that (4) miracles, then (5) gifts of healings, (6) helps, (7) governments, (8) diversities of languages. Are all delegates? Are all prophets? Are all teachers? Are all workers of miracles? Do all have the gifts of healing? Do all speak with languages? Do all interpret? But earnestly desire the best gifts. And yet show I to you a more excellent way.

1. Delegates - apostolos (ap-os'-tol-os) - a delegate; specifically an ambassador of the Gospel; officially a commissioner of the Anointed ["delegate"] (with miraculous powers).

A delegate is one who travels around in the name of the gospel and is able through the power of Yahuwah to perform what are usually referred to as miracles. The ones most people are familiar with are the twelve, and Sha'uwl (Paul).

2. Prophets -prophetes (prof-ay'-tace) - a foreteller; by analogy an inspired speaker; by extension a poet.

Anyone who foretells events through knowledge of Yahuwah's will, no matter how the information is supplied to him (direct revelation, dreams, visions, etc.). Also one who preaches the word of Yahuwah as directed by the Spirit. Also, one who speaks the word in an inspired manner. An evangelist or preacher (see below).

3. Teachers - didaskalos (did-as'-kal-os) - an instructor (generally or specifically).

A person who has this gift is going to be instructing others in the Word, and will be teaching the Word more perfectly to those who desire the knowledge. He will, through the power and guidance of the Spirit, increase their understanding of the Word and provide them with the "meat" of the gospel. The individuals receiving this instruction have to want it, or it will not be well received. If they truly want the teaching, and learn what is offered, they will grow tremendously in the Master.

4. Miracles - dunamis (doo'-nam-is) - force (literally or figuratively); specifically, miraculous power (usually by implication a miracle itself).

The gift of working miracles is a marvelous one that will demonstrate to everyone who sees the miracle that our Elohiym is, and that He is able to perform what He said. Although many people believe that miracles are supernatural, I believe that they are the natural manifestation of the power of Yahuwah. Yahuwah is natural. Mankind is subnatural, a created being, so anything of showing the power of Yahuwah would appear to us to be supernatural.

5. Healers - iama (ee'-am-ah) - a cure (the effect).

This gift of healing is wonderful in that it alleviates pain, suffering, and disease for those who have the faith to receive it. Healers must always keep in mind that it is the power of Yahuwah that is performing the healing and is nothing that they are doing or that they can control.

6. Helps - antilepsis - an-til'-ape-sis; relief:--help.

This is in the sense of giving succor (relief) to those in need.

7. Governments - kubernesis - (koo-ber'-nay-sis) - from kubernao (of Latin origin, to steer); pilotage, i.e. (figuratively) directorship (in the assembly).

Since this gift is the seventh on the list, and overseers are described here, it would seem that all the other gifts are better than being in charge of the flock.

8. Diversities of tongues - glossa (gloce'-sah) - of uncertain affinity; the tongue; by implication a language (specifically one naturally unacquired).

Many people, especially those of the Pentecostal persuasion, like to talk about their "prayer language". These people also usually have a person in their congregation who "speaks" in an "unknown tongue" at sometime during the regular services. Most of the time, the "interpreter" is the hired employee of the "church" (the preacher) and his/her interpretation fits the sermon exactly. This concept is not supported in the Scriptures. This diversity of tongues (languages) is exactly that. In Acts 2:4-11, as seen below, you will see that in fact when the Delegates "spoke with other tongues" they were in fact speaking languages that they did not know and that were the native language of and understood by someone who was present and listening.

    Acts 2:4-11 And they were all filled with the Sacred Spirit and began to speak with other languages as the Spirit gave them utterance. And there were dwelling at Yeruwshalom Yahudiym, devout men, out of every nation under the sky. Now when this was noised abroad the multitude came together and were confounded because that every man heard them speak in his own language. And they were all amazed and marvelled saying one to another, "Behold, are not all these which speak Galiyl? And how hear we every man in our own language wherein we were born? Parthians, and Maday, and Almiy, and the dwellers in Aram Naharayim, and in Yahudah, and Cappadocia, in Pontus, and Asia, Phrygia, and Pamphylia, in Mitsrayim, and in the parts of Luwbiy about Cyrene, and strangers of Rome, Yahudiy and proselytes, Cretes and Arabiy, we hear them speak in our languages the wonderful works of Yahuwah."

Other functions

  • Evangelist - G2099. euaggelistes, yoo-ang-ghel-is-tace'; from G2097; a preacher of the gospel:-- evangelist.
  • Preacher - G2783. kerux, kay'-roox; from G2784; a herald, i.e. of divine truth (espec. of the gospel):--preacher.

Words of interest

  • G2097. euaggelizo, yoo-ang-ghel-id'-zo ); from G2095 and G32; to announce good news ("evangelize") espec. the gospel:--declare, bring (declare, show) glad (good) tidings, preach (the gospel).
  • G2784. kerusso, kay-roos'-so; of uncert. affin.; to herald (as a public crier), espec. divine truth (the gospel):--preach (-er), proclaim, publish.
  • G4296. prokerusso, prok-ay-rooce'-so; from G4253 and G2784; to herald (i.e. proclaim) in advance:--before (first) preach.
  • G2605. kataggello, kat-ang-gel'-lo; from G2596 and the base of G32; to proclaim, promulgate:--declare, preach, shew, speak of, teach.
  • G2980. laleo, lal-eh'-o; a prol. form of an otherwise obsol. verb; to talk, i.e. utter words:--preach, say, speak (after), talk, tell, utter. Comp. G3004.
  • G3955. parrhesiazomai, par-hray-see-ad'-zom-ahee; mid. from G3954; to be frank in utterance, or confident in spirit and demeanor:--be (wax) bold, (preach, speak) boldly.
  • G1256. dialegomai, dee-al-eg'-om-ahee; mid. from G1223 and G3004; to say thoroughly, i.e. discuss (in argument or exhortation):--dispute, preach (unto), reason (with), speak.
  • G4137. pleroo, play-ro'-o; from G4134; to make replete, i.e. (lit.) to cram (a net), level up (a hollow), or (fig.) to furnish (or imbue, diffuse, influence), satisfy, execute (an office), finish (a period or task), verify (or coincide with a prediction), etc.:--accomplish, X after, (be) complete, end, expire, fill (up), fulfil, (be, make) full (come), fully preach, perfect, supply.
  • G189. akoe, ak-o-ay'; from G191; hearing (the act, the sense or the thing heard):--audience, ear, fame, which ye heard, hearing, preached, report, rumor.
  • G1229. diaggello, de-ang-gel'-lo; from G1223 and the base of G32; to herald thoroughly:--declare, preach, signify.

C.F. Castleberry